Korean Adoption Studies

Valk, Margaret. 1957. Korean-American Children in American Adoptive Homes. New York: Child Welfare League of America.

Kim, Dong Soo. 1976. “Intercountry adoptions: A study of self-concept of adolescent Korean children who were adopted by American families.” University of Chicago: School of Social Service Administration. (thesis)

Kim, Dong Soo. 1977. “How They Fared in American Homes: A Follow-Up Study of Adopted Korean Children in the United States.” Children Today 6:2-6.

Bai, Tai-Soon. 1987. “Attitudinal differences among prospective adoptive parents in Korea.” University of Chicago: School of Social Service Administration. (thesis)

Cole, Jill C. 1992. “Perceptions of ethnic identity among Korean-born adoptees and their Caucasian- American parents.” Columbia University: Department of Literacy, Intercultural and Language Education. (thesis)

Gildea, Linda Ann. 1992. “The academic achievement of adopted Korean children: Factors of intellect and home educational environment.” Boston University: Department of Psychology. (thesis)

Koh, Frances. 1993. Adopted from Asia: How It Feels to Grow Up in America. Minneapolis: EastWest Press.

Wickes, Kevin Lee. 1993. “Transracial adoption: Cultural identity and self-concept of Korean adoptees.” Ball State University. (thesis)

Park, In-sun. 1994. “Haeoeibyanginûi bburich ́ajkiê kwanhan yôngu” [A study on searching among Korean adoptees]. Ehwa University: Department of Social Work. (thesis)

Park, Soon Ho. 1994. “Forced child migration: Korea-born intercountry adoptees in the United States.” University of Hawaii: Department of Geography. (thesis)

Kim, Wun Jung. 1995. “International adoption: A case review of Korean children.” Child Psychiatry and Human Development 25 (3): 141-154.

Mullen, Mike. 1995. “Identity development of Korean adoptees.” In Reviewing Asian America: Locating diversity, edited by Wendy L. Ng, Soo-Young Chin, James S. Moy and Gary Y. Okihiro, 61-74. Pullman: Washington State University Press.

Des Jardins, Kun-ya. 1996. “Racial/Ethnic identity development and self concept in adopted Korean women.” Boston University: Department of Psychology. (thesis)

Wickes, Kevin L and John R. Slate. “Transracial adoption of Koreans: A preliminary study of adjustment.” International Journal for the Advancement of Counselling 19:187-195.

Huh, Nam Soon. 1997. “Korean children’ s ethnic identity formation and understanding of adoption.” State University of New York: Department of Social Work. (thesis)

Yoon, Dong Pil. 1997. “Psychological adjustment of Korean-born adolescents adopted by American families.” University of Illinois: Department of Social Work. (thesis)

Meier, Dani Isaac. 1998. “Loss and reclaimed lives: Cultural identity and place in Korean-American intercountry adoptees.” University of Minnesota: Department of Geography. (thesis)

Sarri, Rosemary C., Yeonoak Baik and Marti Bombyk. 1998. “Goal displacement and dependency in South Korean-United States intercountry adoption.” Children and Youth Services Review 20 (1-2): 87-114.

Meier, Dani I. 1999. “Cultural Identity and Place in Adult Korean-American Intercountry Adoptees.” Adoption Quarterly 3(1):15-48.

Bergquist, Kathleen L. 2000. “Racial identity and ethnic identity in Korean adoptees.” College of William and Mary: Graduate School of Education. (thesis)

Freundlich, Madelyn and Joy Kim Lieberthal. 2000. The Gathering of the first generation of adult Korean adoptees: Adoptees’ perceptions of international adoption. New York: Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute.

Huh, Nam Soon, and William Reid. 2000. “Intercountry, Transracial Adoption and Ethnic Identity: A Korean Example.” International Social Work 43(1): 75–87.

Kim, Eleana J. 2000. “Korean adoptee auto-ethnography: Refashioning self, family and finding community.” Visual Anthropology Review 16 (1): 43-70.

Sloth, Kirsten. 2000. Official report of the Second International Gathering of Adult Korean Adoptees, August 9-12, 2001 – Oslo, Norway. Copenhagen: Planning Committee of 2nd International Gathering of Adult Korean Adoptees.

Traver, Elizabeth Kim Jin. 2000. “Dethroning invisibility: Talk stories of adult Korean adoptees.” University of Denver: Graduate School of Social Work. (thesis)

Halifax, Juliette. 2001. L’Insertion sociale des enfants adoptés [Social integration of adopted children]. Paris: Ined.

Hübinette, Tobias. 2001. “The Adoption Issue in Korea: Diaspora Politics in the Age of Globalization.” The Stockholm Journal of East Asian Studies 141-153.

Lieberman, Kira. 2001. “The process of racial and ethnic identity development and search for self in adult Korean transracial adoptees.” Massachusetts School of Professional Psychology. (thesis)

Palmer, John D. 2001. “Korean adopted young women: Gender bias, racial issues, and educational implications.” In Research on the education of Asian Pacific Americans, edited by C. C. Park, A. Lin Goodwin and S. J. Lee, 177-204. Greenwich: Information Age Publishing.

Yi, Mi-son. 2001.  “Haeoeibyanginûi simrisahoejôkjôkôngê yônghyangûl mach ́inûn yoinû kwanhan yôngu.” [Research on the factors influencing the psycho-social adjustment of overseas adoptees]. Seoul Women’s University: Department of Social Work. (thesis)

Yoon, Dong Pil. 2001. “Casual modelling predicting psychological adjustment of Korean-born adolescent adoptees.” Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment 3 (3/4): 65-82.

Bergquist, Kathleen L. 2003. “Exploring the impact of birth country travel on Korean adoptees.” Journal of Family Social Work 7 (4): 45-61.

Bergquist, Kathleen Ja Sook, Mary E. Campbell, and Yvonne A. Unrau. 2003. “Caucasian Parents and Korean Adoptees: A Survey of Parents’ Perceptions.” Adoption Quarterly 6(4):41-58.

Choy, Catherine Ceniza and Gregory Paul Choy. 2003. “Transformative terrains. Korean adoptees and the social constructions of an American childhood”. In The American child. A cultural studies reader, edited by Caroline F. Levander and Carol J. Singley, 262-279. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press.

Eng, David L. 2003. “Transnational adoption and queer diasporas.” Social Text 21 (3): 1-37.

Hübinette, Tobias. 2003. “The adopted Koreans of Sweden and the Korean adoption issue.” Review of Korean Studies 6 (1): 251-266.

Hübinette, Tobias. 2003. “President Kim Dae Jung and the Adoption Issue.” Korean Quarterly Spring 2003.

Kim, Eleana J. 2003. “Wedding citizenship and culture: Korean adoptees and global family in Korea.” Social Text 74 (1): 57-81.

Pallier, Christophe, Stanislas Dehaene, Jean-Baptiste Poline, Denis LeBihan, Anne-Marie Argenti, Emmanuel Dupoux and Jacques Mehler. 2003. “Brain imaging of language plasticity in adopted adults: can a second language replace the first?.” Cerebral Cortex 13 (2):155—161.

Brian, Kristi. 2004. ““This is not a civic duty”: Racial selection, consumer choice and the “multiculturalist” bind in the production of Korean-American adoption.” Temple University: Department of Anthropology. (thesis)

Hübinette, Tobias. 2004. “The adopted Koreans and an identity in the Third Space.” Adoption & Fostering 28 (1): 16-24.

Kim, Eleana J. 2004. “Gathering ‘roots’ and making history in the Korean adoptee community.” In Local actions. Cultural activism, power, and public life in America, edited by Melissa Checker and Maggie Fishman, 208-230. New York: Colombia University Press.

Lee, Josephine. 2004. “Asian America is in the heartland: Performing Korean adoptee experience.” In Asian North American identities beyond the hyphen, edited by Eleanor Ty and Donald C. Goellnicht, 102-116. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Lee, Richard M., Hyung Chol Yoo and Sara Roberts. 2004. “The coming of age of Korean adoptees: Ethnic identity development and psychological adjustment.” In Korean Americans: Past, present, and future, edited by Ilpyong J. Kim, 203–224. Elizabeth: Hollym International Corp.

Ventureyra, Valérie, Christophe Pallier and Hi-Yoo Yoo. 2004. “The loss of first language phonetic perception in adopted Koreans.” Journal of Neurolinguistics 17: 79-91.

Shiao, Jiannbin Lee, Mia Tuan, and Elizabeth Rienzi. 2004. “Shifting the Spotlight: Exploring Race and Culture in Korean-White Adoptive Families.” Race and Society 7(1): 1–16.

Yoon, Dong Pil. 2004. “Intercountry Adoption: The Importance of Ethnic Socialization and Subjective Well-being for Korean-Born Adopted Children.” Journal of Ethnic and Cultural Diversity in Social Work 13(2): 71–89.

Cho, Grace M. and Hosu Kim. 2005. “Dreaming in Tongues.” Qualitative Inquiry 11 (3): 445-457.

Kendall, Laurel. 2005. “Birth mothers and imaginary lives.” In Cultures of transnational adoption, edited by Toby Alice Volkman, 162-184. Durham: Duke University Press.

Kim, Eleana J. and Kim Park Nelson. 2005. Independent summary report on Korean adoptee survey. Seoul: National Assembly, Office of Jang Hyang Sook.

Lee, David C. and Stephen. M. Quintana. 2005. ”Benefits of cultural exposure and development of Korean perspective – taking ability for transracially adopted Korean children.” Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology 11 (2): 130-143.

Stoker, Kim. 2005. “Beyond Identity: Activism in Korean Adoptee Art.” Duksung Women’s University Journal 34:223-248.

Ventureyra, Valérie. 2005. “A la recherche de la langue perdue: Étude psycholinguistique de l’attrition de la première langue chez des Coréenns adoptés en France.” École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales: Laboratoire de Sciences Cognitives et Psycholinguistique. (thesis)

Eng, David. L. and Shinhee Han. 2006. ”Transnational adoption, racial reparation, and racial transitional objects.” Studies in Gender & Sexuality 7 (2): 141-172.

Fronek, Patricia. 2006. ”Global perspectives in Korean intercountry adoption.” Asia Pacific Journal of Social Work and Development 16 (1): 21-31.

Hübinette, Tobias. 2006. Comforting an orphaned nation. Representations of international adoption and adopted Koreans in Korean popular culture. Seoul: Jimoondang Publishing Company.

Jerng, Mark C. 2006. ”Recognizing the transracial adoptee: Adoption life stories and Chang-rae Lee’s ‘ A gesture life.’” Melus 31 (2): 41-67.

Palmer, John D. 2006. ”Negotiating the indistinct: Reflections of a Korean adopted American working with Korean born, Korean Americans.” Qualitative Research 6(4): 473-495.

Prébin, Élise. 2006. “Adoption internationale. Les revenants de Corée.” Université Paris X Nanterre: Laboratoire d’ethnologie et de sociologie comparative. (thesis)

Bergquist, Kathleen Ja Sook, Elizabeth Vonk, Dong Soo Kim and Marvin D. Feit (eds.). 2007. International Korean adoption: A fifty-year history of policy and practice. New York: Haworth Press.

Darnell, Farnad J. 2007. “Adoption Identity as Shared Identity among Adult Korean Adoptees.” Wayne State University: Department of Sociology. (thesis)

Hübinette, Tobias. 2007. “Asian bodies out-of-control: Examining the adopted Korean existence.” In Asian diasporas. New conceptions, new frameworks, edited by Rhacel Parreñas and Lok Siu, 177-200. Stanford: Stanford University Press.

Kim, Eleana. 2007. “Our Adoptee, Our Alien: Transnational Adoptees as Specters of Foreignness and Family in South Korea.”Anthropological Quarterly 80(2):497-531.

Kim, Hosu. 2007. “Virtual mothering: A cultural critique of the emergent figure of Korean birthmothers in popular media.” City University of New York: Department of Sociology. (thesis)

Lee, Bong Joo. 2007. ”Adoption in Korea: Current status and future prospects.” International Journal of Social Welfare 16(2): 75-83.

Park Nelson, Kim, Eleana Kim and Lene Myong Petersen (eds.). 2007. Proceedings of the 1st International Korean Adoption Studies Research Symposium. Seoul: International Korean Adoptee Associations ́ International Research Committee.

Sacerdote, Bruce. 2007. “How Large are the Effects from Changes in Family Environment? A Study of Korean American Adoptees.” Quarterly Journal of Economics 122(1):119-157

Basow, Susan, Elizabeth Lilley, Jamila Bookwala, and Ann McGillicuddy-DeLisi. 2008. “Identity Development and Psychological Well-being in Korean-Born Adoptees in the U.S.” American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 78(4): 473–80.

Bitzan, Catherine M. 2008. ”Our most precious resource: How South Korea is poised to change the landscape of international adoption.” Minnesota Journal of International Law 17: 121-154.

Docan-Morgan, Sara Jane. 2008. “Boundaries and Bridges: Exploring Korean Adoptees’ Reports of Adoptive Family Communication During and After Intrusive Interactions and Racial Communication.” University of Washington: Department of Communication.

Dobbs, Jennifer Kwon. 2008. “Paper pavilion and routes through transnational adoption.” University of Southern California: Department of English. (thesis)

Docan-Morgan, Sarah Jane. 2008. “Boundaries and bridges: Exploring Korean adoptees’ reports of adoptive family communication during and after intrusive interactions and racial communication.” University of Washington: Department of Communication. (thesis)

Kim, Eleana. 2008. “The Origins of Korean Adoption: Cold War Geopolitics and Intimate Diplomacy.” US-Korea Institute at SAIS Working Paper Series.

Kim, Kang-Il. 2008. “A Relational Model of Understanding Adult Korean Adoptees’ Ethnic Identity Formation in the United States.” Brite Divinity School: Pastoral Theology and Pastoral Counseling.

Lindblad, Frank and Sonja Signell. 2008. “Degrading attitudes related to foreign appearance. Interviews with Swedish female adoptees from Asia.” Adoption & Fostering 32 (3): 46-59.

Lo, Beth Kyong. 2008. “Personal narratives of Korean adoptees: A qualitative study on predominant themes, perspectives on mental health, and psychological treatment implications.” Argos University: Department of the American School of Professional Psychology. (thesis)

Min, Eun Kyung. 2008. “The daughter’s exchange in Jane Jeong Trenka’s The language of blood.” Social Text 26 (1): 115-133.

Oh, Arissa Hyun Jung. 2008. “Into the arms of America: The Korean roots of international adoption.” University of Chicago: Department of History. (thesis)

Prébin, Élise. 2008. “Three-week reeducation to Koreanness.” European Journal of East Asian Studies 7 (2): 323-355.

Schwekendiek, Daniel, Ji-Sung Kwon & Aie-Ree Jung. 2008. Survey on the status of overseas adopted Koreans and proposals for effective post-adoption services. Seoul: Ministry of Health, Welfare and Family Planning.

Shiao, Jiannbin Lee and Mia H. Tuan. 2008. “Korean Adoptees and the Social Context of Ethnic Exploration.” American Journal of Sociology 113(4):1023-1066.

Bryant, Lei Ouyang. 2009. ”Performing race and place in Asian America: Korean American adoptees, musical theatre, and the land of 10,000 lakes.” Asian Music 40 (1): 4-30.

Fronek, Patricia Alexandrina. 2009. “Understanding the emergence, diffusion and continuance of intercountry adoption from South Korea to Queensland, Australia.” University of Queensland: School of Social Work and Human Services. (thesis)

Hyltenstam, Kenneth, Emanuel Bylund, Niclas Abrahamsson and Hyeon-Sook Park. 2009. ”Dominant-language replacement: The case of international adoptees.” Bilingualism: Language and Cognition 12 (2): 121-140.

Kaanta, Tanya Lee. 2009. “Belonging: Identity, emotion woark, and agency of intercountry Korean adoptees.” Colorado State University: Sociology Department. (thesis)

Kim, Nadia. 2009. “Finding Our Way Home: Korean Americans, Homelands Trips, and Cultural Foreignness.” Pp. 305-24 in Diasporic Homecomings: Ethnic Return Migrants in Comparative Perspective, edited by Takeyuki Tsuda. Stanford University Press.

Kim, Jodi. 2008. “An ‘orphan’ with two mothers: Transnational and transracial adoption, the Cold War, and contemporary Asian American cultural politics.” American Quarterly 61 (4): 855- 880.

Kim, Tae-Sun. 2009. “Alien Asian: The Role of Racial Exclusion and Cultural Differentiation in the Identity Development of Transnationally Adopted Korean Americans.” Michigan State University: Department of Anthropology.

McGinnis, Hollee, Susan Livingston Smith, Scott D. Ryan and Jeanne A. Howard. 2009. Beyond Culture Camp: Promoting Healthy Identity in Adoption. New York: Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute.

Myong Petersen, Lene. 2009. “Adopteret – Fortællinger om transnational og racialiseret tilblivelse.” Aarhus Universitet: Institut for Læring, DPU. (thesis)

Park, Sarah Y. 2009. “Representations of transracial Korean adoption in children’s literature.” University of Illinois: Library and Information Science. (thesis)

Park Nelson, Kim. 2009. “Korean looks, American eyes: Korean American adoptees, race, culture and nation.” University of Minnesota: Department of American Studies. (thesis)

Nelson, Kim Park. 2009. “Mapping Multiple Histories of Korean American Transnational Adoption.” Working Paper 09-01, US Korean Institute at SAIS, Washington, DC.

Prébin, Élise. 2009. “Looking for ‘lost’ children in South Korea”. Adoption and Culture 2: 227-263.

Song, Sueyoung L. and Richard M. Lee. 2009. “The past and present cultural experiences of adopted Korean American adults.” Adoption Quarterly 12(1): 19-36.

Walton, Jessica. 2009. “(Re)embodying identity: Understanding belonging, ”difference” and transnational adoption through the lived experiences of Korean adoptees.” University of Newcastle: Department of Anthropology. (thesis)


Kim, Eleana J. 2010. Adopted Territory: Transnational Korean adoptees and the politics of belonging. Durham: Duke University Press.

Kim, Grace S., Karen L. Suyemoto and Castellano B. Turner. 2010. “Sense of Belonging, Sense of Exclusion, and Racial and Ethnic Identities in Korean Transracial Adoptees.” Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology 2 (16): 179-190.

Lee, Richard M., Andrea Bora Yun, Hyung Chol Yoo and Kim Park Nelson. 2010. “Comparing ethnic identity and well-being of adopted Korean Americans with immigrant/U.S.-born Korean Americans and Korean international students.” Adoption Quarterly 13 (1): 2-17.

Palmer, John. D. 2010. The Dance of Identities: Korean Adoptees and Their Journey Toward Empowerment. Honolulu, HI: University of Hawaii Press.

Park, So Young. 2010. “Transnational adoption, hallyu, and the politics of Korean popular culture.” Biography 33 (1): 151-166.

Park Nelson, Kim, Tobias Hübinette, Eleana Kim, Jennifer Kwon Dobbs, Kim Langrehr and Lene Myong Petersen (eds.). 2010. Proceedings of the 2nd International Korean Adoption Studies Research Symposium. Seoul: International Korean Adoptee Associations ́ International SISKAS Committee.

Pate, SooJin. 2010. “Genealogies of Korean adoption: American empire, militarization, and yellow desire.” University of Minnesota: Department of American studies. (thesis)

Randolph, Tracey H. and Mellisa Holtzman. 2010. “The role of heritage camps in identity development among Korean transnational adoptees: A relational dialectics approach.” Adoption Quarterly 13 (2): 75-99.


Hoffman, Joy L. S. 2011. “How Lived Experiences Affect Ethnic Identity Development for Transracial Korean American Adoptees: Implications for Higher Education Practice.” California Lutheran University: School of Education.

Brian, Kristi. 2012. Reframing Transracial Adoption: Adopted Koreans, White Parents, and the Politics of Kinship. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press.

Rienzi, Elizabeth S. 2012. “A Part Yet Apart: Exploring Racial and Ethnic Identity Formation for Korean Transracial Adoptees Raised in the U.S. Midwest.” University of Oregon: Department of Sociology. (thesis)

Tuan, Mia and Jiannbin Lee Shiao. 2012. Choosing Ethnicity, Negotiating Race: Korean Adoptees in America. NY, NY: Russell Sage Foundation.

Pate, SooJin. 2014. From Orphan to Adoptee: U.S. Empire and Genealogies of Korean Adoption. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press.

Beaupre, Adam J., Reed Reichwalk, Xiang Zhou, Elizabeth Raleigh, and Richard M. Lee. 2015. “Korean Adoptee Identity: Adoptive and Ethnic Identity Profiles of Adopted Korean Americans.” Pp 47-61 in Adoptees’ Ethnic Identity Within Family and Social Contexts, E.E. Piderhughes and R. Rosnati, eds.

Chang, Paul Y. and Andrea Kim Cavicchi. 2015. “Claiming Rights: Organizational and Discursive Strategies of the Korean Adoptee and Unwed Mothers Movement.” Korea Observer 46(1):145-180.

Day, Stephanie C., Danielle Godon-Decoteau, and Karen L. Suyemoto. 2015. “Effects of Becoming a Mother on the Development of Ethnic and Racial Identities in Korean Transnationally and Transracially Adopted Women.” Asian American Journal of Psychology 1-12.

Lee, Joyce P., Richard M. Lee, Alison W. Hu, and Oh Myo Kim. 2015. “Ethnic Identity as a Moderator Against Discrimination for Transracially and Transnationally Adopted Korean American Adolescents.” Asian American Journal of Psychology 6(2):154-163.

Lim, Jeong Yeon. 2015. “Regaining Autonomy: The Formation of a Transnational Korean Adoptee Community.” State University of New York at Binghamton: Department of Asian and Asian American Studies. (thesis)

Oh, Arissa H. 2015. To Save the Children of Korea: The Cold War Origins of International Adoption. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.

Nelson, Kim Park. 2016. Invisible Asians: Korean American Adoptees, Asian American Experiences, and Racial Exceptionalism. New Brunswick, NY: Rutgers University Press.




*  Book chapters, conference proceedings, and the majority of theses are from Thomas Hubinette’s Korean Adoption Reading List.